EA @ SBAU
Ewha Architecture students are featured in this year’s Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism as part of the Global Studios Exhibition taking place in Sewoon Sangga. starting from September 9th, 2019.
Students of Ewha Architecture have developed scenarios for the redevelopment of an inner urban site in Seoul, as part of the 4th year architectural design studio 5, led by prof. Kresse.
The design methodology assigns a central role to the architect as a designer and a communicator in the redevelopment process. In this role the architectural design is used as a tool to create trust among different stakeholders, facilitate discussion and, in the end, break the current stalemate that block any kind of progress in Euljiro.
Abstract from SBAU 2019 – Global Studios Exhibition
‘The work is concerned with the role of the architect in the redevelopment process of inner urban sites. The common redevelopment process tends to disregard the existing features, as well as the renting or leasing residents in the redevelopment plan. As a result redevelopment plans tend to: One, introduce new (alien) program to the site; Two, replace the existing structures and with it their heritage with new (generic) buildings; Three, replace the existing residents with new (wealthier) inhabitants. The architect’s role in this process is predominantly to facilitate this process of gentrification and give shape to the form and the identity of the (new) place. However, regularly the loss of heritage as well as the displacement of existing residents and businesses is perceived as a loss and at times as unjust.
What we are interested in, in this studio, is whether the architect can assume a role as an intermediary who actively works with the stakeholders and combines different stakeholders' desired visions into scenarios that resemble all stakeholders, and, all stakeholders on site, including landowners, city hall, businesses and renters, importantly, may support more. The scenarios we are creating with this method are not primarily intended as a redevelopment plan. Rather the purpose of these scenarios is to provide the stakeholders with options for future development, which function as a base for negotiations among the different stakeholders. Based on these consent among stakeholders might be created, which again, after discussions and amendments might lead to a executable redevelopment plan for the site that takes one of the proposed no-regrets scenarios as a point of departure.
For this study we work with a land readjustment policy, which is promoted by for example UN Habitat as an equitable development tool (PILaR). This land tool has been extensively used in Korea in the past. For our purpose we introduce additional sustainability measure into the process. This policy allows landowners to collaborate and collectively develop on the one hand, and on the other hand is self-financing, which means the costs for new infrastructure and services can be covered with the land value increments from redevelopment. Two types of work have been carried out during the studio. First, the development of no-regrets scenarios for the development of the site, and second, an extensive surveying of the site in order to get a grip on the collaborative capacity of existing residents and small businesses.’
Yu Seon Kim
Jung Won Kim
Sang Hwa Nam
Kyung Ryung Choi
Professor Klaas Kresse